Achievements

A Lifetime of Achievements

1951
Earned BS from United States Military Academy at West Point, N.Y.; commissioned second lieutenant, infantry, U.S. Army

1951–52    
Platoon leader of 3rd Battalion, 188th Airborne Infantry Regiment, 11th Airborne Division

1952    
Married Mildred Sims

1952–53    
Reported to 31st Infantry Regiment, 7th Infantry Division, Korean War; served as platoon leader, rifle company commander, Battalion S-2; awarded Combat Infantryman Badge and Bronze Star Medal

1953–54   
Returned to United States; member of 11th Airborne Division

1954–57   
Instructor, U.S. Army Infantry School, airborne department, Fort Benning, Ga.; promoted to captain

1957–59   
Training officer, U.S. military mission to Liberia

1960–62   
Served as S-4, 2nd Battle Group, 504th Airborne Infantry Regiment of 82nd Airborne Division, then company commander of  “E” company of the 504th

1962–63   
Attended U.S. Army Command and General Staff College, Fort Leavenworth, Kan.

1964   
Earned MPIA, University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public and International Affairs, Pittsburgh, Pa.

1965–67   
Personnel management officer, Infantry Branch, Office of Personnel Operations, Department of the Army

1967–68   
Lieutenant colonel, G-4 (logistics), battalion commander in 7th Calvary Regiment, 1st Infantry Division, Vietnam; awarded two Silver Stars, Distinguished Flying Cross, 11 Air Medals, and Legion of Merit; promoted to full colonel after Vietnam tour

1968–69   
Attended National War College, Washington, D.C.

1969–72   
Plans officer and Southeast Asia special action officer, J-5, U.S. Pacific Command; also served as executive to the chief of staff, U.S. Pacific Command, Hawaii; awarded Legion of Merit

1972–73   
Commander, 2nd Brigade, 82nd Airborne Division, Fort Bragg, N.C.; awarded Legion of Merit

1973   
Promoted to brigadier general    

1973–75   
Deputy commander, Okinawa Base Command, Okinawa, Japan

1975–76   
Commander, U.S. Army Garrison, Okinawa

1976   
Promoted to major general

1976–78   
Commander, 82nd Airborne Division, Fort Bragg

1978–80   
Deputy chief of staff of operations, U.S. Army Europe

1980   
Promoted to lieutenant general

1980–82   
Commander, U.S. Army, IX Army Corps, Japan

1982   
Promoted to four-star general and became first African American to achieve this rank in the U.S. Army; also received Distinguished Alumnus Award from GSPIA

1982–85   
Served as U.S. representative to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) Military Committee—becoming first African American to serve in this role

1985    
Retired; awarded two U.S. Army Distinguished Service Medals and Defense Distinguished Service Medal

1993       
Received Distinguished Graduate Award from West Point

Graduate School of Public and International Affairs
3601 Wesley W. Posvar Hall, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15260